Western Australia is renowned for producing high quality, clean wheat. Accounting for 70% of total cereal production and 65% of annual grain production, wheat is the largest grain crop produced by the Western Australian grains sector. The white-grain varieties grown within Western Australia produce a white flour which is suitable for the production of a variety of products including:
- Udon, ramen and instant noodles
- Western, Asian and Eastern style breads
- Baked goods such as cakes, biscuits, and pasteries
Barley is the second largest cereal crop produced within Western Australia and accounts for over $1 billion in exports each year. Similar to wheat, majority of barley is exported, particularly to Japan, China and the Middle East.
Barley production can be broadly seperated into two primary catagories that are based on the variety and quality of the grain: malting and feed barley. Malting barley is procduced for brewing, while as suggested by the name, feed barley is produced as feed for livestock.
Western Australia is recognised nationally and internationally for producing high quality oats and hay.
Annually, over 600,000 tonnes of oaten grain is produced by the Western Australian grains sector, and contributes $200 million to the state economy. Oats are used to for milling, producing rolled oats, in addition to hay for animal feed.
Conversely to wheat and barley, approximately only 50% of oats is exported to countries such as China, Mexico and India, while 25% is kept on farm and a further 25% is traded domestically.